What is Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal Surgery refers to surgical interventions used in the diagnosis, treatment, and post-treatment care of diseases in the colon and rectum regions. This surgical type is employed in conditions such as colon and rectal cancers, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and more.

Types of Colorectal Surgery

Anal Fissure (Anal Crack) Surgery

Treatment involves healing or surgically repairing the anal fissure

Anal Fistula Surgery

Surgical treatment aims to address the infected channel and drainage of the anal fistula.

Pilonidal Sinus (Ingrown Hair) Surgery

Surgical intervention is performed to remove or treat the pilonidal sinus.

Anal Abscess Surgery

Surgical procedure for draining the anal abscess and treating the infection.

Who Should Consider Colorectal Surgery?

Candidates for Colorectal Surgery may include individuals with the following conditions:

Patients Diagnosed with Colorectal Diseases

Patients diagnosed with colorectal diseases are candidates for colorectal surgery.

Pre-Surgical Preparations

Prior to surgery, there are certain preparations you need to undertake. These preparations include:

Medical Evaluation and Counseling

The patient’s overall health, medical history, and current medications are assessed. Specialists determine if the patient is a suitable candidate for surgery.


Psychological Assessment

Besides the physical aspects, the psychological impacts of the surgery are also considered. Therefore, the patient’s psychological condition is evaluated.


Nutritional Counseling

The patient’s pre- and post-surgery dietary habits are adjusted. Counseling is provided regarding the effects and requirements of obesity surgery.

Post-Surgical Care

After surgery, there are certain care steps you need to undertake. These steps include:

Medication usage

Take all medications recommended by your doctor regularly.


Follow your nutrition plan and adhere to the prescribed eating, drinking, and exercise instructions.


After the surgery, you may need to limit your activity level. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.


Take care of yourself during the post-operative recovery process and follow your doctor’s recommendations.

Risks and Complications

After surgery, there are certain risks and complications you should be aware of. These may include:
  • There is a risk of infection at the surgical site.
  • Risk of leakage where the bowel is reconnected.
  • Risk of obstruction during the return to normal bowel function.