What is Oncologic Surgery?

Oncologic Surgery refers to the surgical interventions used in the diagnosis, treatment, and post-treatment care of cancer diseases. The purpose of this surgical type is to remove cancerous tissues or tumors while preserving the patient’s health.

Types of Oncologic Surgery

Tumor Excision

Tumor Excision

The cancerous area is surgically removed to eliminate the tumor. Whenever possible, the preservation of surrounding healthy tissues is the goal.

Lymph Node Dissection (Lymphadenectomy)

Lymph Node Dissection (Lymphadenectomy)

The removal of lymph nodes is performed to prevent the spread of cancer cells.

Organ-Sparing Surgery

Organ-Sparing Surgery

The removal of the tumor is carried out with minimal damage to the affected organ, aiming to preserve its functions.

Who Should Consider Oncologic Surgery?

Candidates for Oncologic Surgery may include individuals with the following conditions:

Patients Diagnosed with Cancer

Patients diagnosed with cancer and recommended for surgical intervention are candidates for oncologic surgery.

Pre-Surgical Preparations

Prior to surgery, there are certain preparations you need to undertake. These preparations include:

Medical Evaluation and Counseling

The patient’s overall health, medical history, and current medications are assessed. Specialists determine if the patient is a suitable candidate for surgery.


Psychological Assessment

Besides the physical aspects, the psychological impacts of the surgery are also considered. Therefore, the patient’s psychological condition is evaluated.


Nutritional Counseling

The patient’s pre- and post-surgery dietary habits are adjusted. Counseling is provided regarding the effects and requirements of obesity surgery.

Post-Surgical Care

After surgery, there are certain care steps you need to undertake. These steps include:

Medication usage

Take all medications recommended by your doctor regularly.


Follow your nutrition plan and adhere to the prescribed eating, drinking, and exercise instructions.


After the surgery, you may need to limit your activity level. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.


Take care of yourself during the post-operative recovery process and follow your doctor’s recommendations.

Risks and Complications

After surgery, there are certain risks and complications you should be aware of. These may include:
  • There is a risk of infection at the surgical site.
  • There is a risk of bleeding during or after surgery.
  • There is a potential risk of inadvertent damage to organs or tissues.