What is Thyroid Surgery?

Thyroid surgery refers to surgical interventions used in the diagnosis, treatment, and post-treatment care of diseases related to the thyroid gland. This surgical type is employed in conditions such as thyroid nodules, goiter, thyroid cancer, and more.

Types of Thyroid Surgery

Thyroid Lobectomy

Thyroid Lobectomy

A portion of the thyroid gland is surgically removed if there is a problem on one side.

Total Thyroidectomy

Total Thyroidectomy

The entire thyroid gland is surgically removed.

Parathyroid Surgery

Parathyroid Surgery

Surgical intervention is performed in cases of parathyroid gland disorders.

Who Should Consider Thyroid Surgery?

Candidates for Thyroid Surgery may include individuals with the following conditions:

Patients Diagnosed with Thyroid Nodules or Goiter

Patients diagnosed with thyroid nodules or goiter are candidates for thyroid surgery.

Patients Diagnosed with Thyroid Cancer

Patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer are candidates for thyroid surgery.

Pre-Surgical Preparations

Prior to surgery, there are certain preparations you need to undertake. These preparations include:

Medical Evaluation and Counseling

The patient’s overall health, medical history, and current medications are assessed. Specialists determine if the patient is a suitable candidate for surgery.


Psychological Assessment

Besides the physical aspects, the psychological impacts of the surgery are also considered. Therefore, the patient’s psychological condition is evaluated.


Nutritional Counseling

The patient’s pre- and post-surgery dietary habits are adjusted. Counseling is provided regarding the effects and requirements of obesity surgery.

Post-Surgical Care

After surgery, there are certain care steps you need to undertake. These steps include:

Medication usage

Take all medications recommended by your doctor regularly.


Follow your nutrition plan and adhere to the prescribed eating, drinking, and exercise instructions.


After the surgery, you may need to limit your activity level. Follow your doctor’s instructions carefully.


Take care of yourself during the post-operative recovery process and follow your doctor’s recommendations.

Risks and Complications

After surgery, there are certain risks and complications you should be aware of. These may include:
  • There is a risk of damage to the vocal cords during surgery.
  • Damage to the parathyroid glands can lead to a risk of decreased calcium levels.
  • There is a risk of infection at the surgical site.